1. IXIARO® Product Monograph. March 2, 2018.
  2. Hills SL, Griggs AC, Fischer M. Japanese encephalitis in travellers from non-endemic countries, 1973- 2008. Am J Trop Med Hyg. 2010;82(5):930-936.
  3. Lindquist L et al. Recent and historical trends in the epidemiology of Japanese encephalitis and its implication for risk assessment in travellers. J Travel Med.2018 ;25(suppl_1):S3-S9.
  4. World Health Organization. Fact sheets. Japanese encephalitis. Published December 2015. Accessed March 27, 2018.
  5. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Viral hemorrhagic fevers (VHFs). Flaviviridae. Updated April 2014. Available from: Accessed September 06, 2018.
  6. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Yellow Book 2018, Chapter 3. Japanese Encephalitis. Updated May 2017. Accessed March 27, 2018.
  7. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Japanese Encephalitis Surveillance and Immunization — Asia and Western Pacific Regions, 2016. June 9, 2017. Available from: Accessed November 14, 2018.
  8. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Japanese Encephalitis. Available from: Accessed November 26, 2018.
  9. Public Health Agency of Canada (PHAC). Statement on protection against Japanese encephalitis, September 2008. Available at: Last accessed August 10, 2018.
  10. Committee to Advise on Tropical Medicine and Travel (CATMAT). Statement on protection against Japanese encephalitis. An Advisory Committee Statement (ACS). Can Commun Dis Rep.
  11. Centre of disease control and prevention. Japanese encephalitis vaccines: Recommendation of the advisory committee on the immunization practices (ACIP). Available at: (Accessed on June 6, 2018)
  12. Murty US, et al. The effects of climatic factors on the distribution and abundance of Japanese encephalitis vectors in Kurnool district of Andhra Pradesh, India. J Vector Borne Dis 2010;47(1):26–32.
  13. Lindahl JF, et al. Circulation of Japanese Encephalitis Virus in Pigs and Mosquito Vectors within Can Tho City, Vietnam. PLoS Negl Trop Dis 2013;7(4):e2153.
  14. Li X, et al. The Spatio-temporal Distribution of Japanese Encephalitis Cases in Different Age Groups in Mainland China, 2004–2014. PLoS Negl Trop Dis 2016;10(4):e0004611
  15. Health Canada. For health professionals: Japanese encephalitis. Available at: (Accessed on November 14, 2018).
  16. Buhl MR, Lindquist L. Japanese encephalitis in traveling: review of cases and seasonal risk. J Travel Med. 2009;16(3): 217-219.
  17. Tian H, Bi P, Cazelles B, et al. How environmental conditions impact mosquito ecology and Japanese encephalitis: an eco-epidemiological approach. Environ Int.2015:79:17-24.
  18. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Japanese encephalitis. Prevention. Updated August 2015 Accessed September 6, 2018.
  19. Health Canada. Canadian Immunization Guide: Part 4 – Active Vaccines. Japanese Encephalitis. Available at: (Accessed on November 14, 2018).

VALNEVA Canada Inc.
600-3535, Saint-Charles Blvd.
Kirkland (Montreal), Quebec
H9H 5B9

© 2019 VALNEVA Canada Inc.
All trademarks used under license.